How To Write A Hypothesis | Easy Steps To Follow

Share

Students need to write a hypothesis where they need to test a relationship between two or more things. The hypothesis is generally written at the beginning of an experiment. A hypothesis is a statement that can be tested by scientific research. It states predictions about the findings of the experiment that is to be performed and provides a tentative answer to the research question that is yet to be tested. Most research students get stuck right at the beginning of an experiment because they have lack of experience in writing hypothesis statements. In this article we are going to share steps to write a hypothesis statement for research students with lack of experience so that they can easily follow them and write a hypothesis. 

Variables Present In A Hypothesis

Before we walk you through the formulation of hypothesis in research students need to have knowledge about the variables present in hypothesis. A hypothesis should be based on knowledge of existing theories. Further it should be testable. This means that students should be able to refute or support it using scientific research methods. Hypotheses propose a relationship between two or more variables. An independent variable is something the researcher changes or controls. A dependent variable is something the researcher observes and measures.

Steps To Write A Hypothesis

  • The Hypothesis Should Be Based On A Question- The entire hypothesis revolves around a research question. Students should make sure that the question that is being asked in a hypothesis is focused, specific, and researchable within the limitations of the project. (Bains,et.al,2005)
  • Get Into The Details Of The Topic- Preliminary research is very important before students start writing the hypothesis. Students should ensure that their initial answer to the research question is based on what is already known and has been published about the topic.  To ensure this student should first look for previous studies to help them form well-informed assumptions about the research findings.  A conceptual framework is constructed at this stage to identify the variables that need to be studied and the relationship between them. To develop this conceptual framework student can seek online essay help from OmanEssay.
  • Formulate The Hypothesis In Clear And Concise Statements- Once students are done with the research and have successfully constructed the conceptual framework they need to write the initial answer to the research question in clear and concise statements. In case they are unable to draft the hypothesis they can seek help from professional experts who have years of experience in writing a hypothesis statement.
  • Make Sure The Hypothesis Written Is Testable- Students need to ensure that the hypothesis written is testable and specific. There are ways and ways of phrasing a hypothesis. Only thing that students need to keep in mind while writing the hypothesis is that the terms used in writing a hypothesis should have clear and distinctive definitions. They must also see to it that the hypothesis contains the relevant variables, the specific group has been studied, and the outcome of the analysis or experiment has already been predicted.
  • Phrase Your Hypothesis – Students need to phrase the hypothesis after they are sure that it is testable. The hypothesis can be phrased in three different ways.
  • Write A Simple Prediction In If– To identify the variables, you can write a simple prediction in if…then form. The first part of the sentence states the independent variable and the second part states the dependent variable. For example if a first-year student starts attending more lectures, then their exam scores will improve. Here the prediction of scoring well is being denoted with If.
  • Directly Stating The Predicted Relationship– In academic research, hypotheses are more commonly phrased in terms of correlations or effects, where you directly state the predicted relationship between variables. For example- The number of lectures attended by first-year students has a positive effect on their exam scores. Here positive effect shows the relationship.
  • Stating The Difference Using Different Groups– In case two groups are compared the hypothesis can be phrased stating the difference that students expect to find between them.  For example First-year students who attended most lectures will have better exam scores than those who attended few lectures. Here in this sentence the words “better” and “than” is used to denote the difference. Students can seek essay writing help from OmanEssay experts if they find difficulties in phrasing a hypothesis.
  • In Case Of Statistical Hypothesis Statement Write A Null Hypothesis– There are instances where students are made to write a research paper using statistical hypothesis testing. In this case students need to write a null hypothesis. The null hypothesis is a default position that states that there is no association between the variables. It is written as H0, whereas the alternative hypothesis is written as H1. An example of H0 is “The number of lectures attended by first-year students has no effect on their final exam scores.” On the other hand an example of H1 is the number of lectures attended by first-year students has a positive effect on their final exam scores. (Lehmann,et.al,2006)
  • Get Your Hypothesis Proofread Post Completion– To make sure that the hypothesis written is flawless; unique and non plagiarized students need to sent their hypothesis statement for a final quality check to expert proofreaders before they send it for submission. OmanEssay has stepped forward with plagiarism free assignment help for research students who need help in writing a non-plagiarized hypothesis statement. There are a team of experts who not just assist students in correcting the grammatical and spelling mistakes present  in the hypothesis statement but also help them create a high quality hypothesis by ensuring the statement does not contain a vague language, redundant words and awkward phrasing.

Conclusion

Therefore to conclude it can be said that The hypothesis is generally written at the beginning of an experiment. A hypothesis is a statement that can be tested by scientific research. It states predictions about the findings of the experiment that is to be performed and provides a tentative answer to the research question that is yet to be tested. Hypotheses propose a relationship between two or more variables. An independent variable is something the researcher changes or controls. A dependent variable is something the researcher observes and measures. There are three ways of phrasing a hypothesis. First, it can be phrased by writing a simple prediction in if, second, it can also be phrased by directly stating the predicted relationship and third, it can be phrased by stating the difference using different groups. To write a high quality hypothesis students need to first ensure the hypothesis is based on a question, next, they need to conduct a thorough research and formulate the hypothesis in clear and concise statements; third they need to ensure that hypothesis written is testable. Fourth, they need to phrase the hypothesis. In case of a statistical hypothesis the statement written should be a null hypothesis. And finally they need to get the assignments proofread by subject matter experts post completion before they send it for submission.

References

Cox, D. R. (1961, June). Tests of separate families of hypotheses. In Proceedings of the fourth Berkeley symposium on mathematical statistics and probability (Vol. 1, No. 0, p. 96).

Bains, W. (2005). How to write up a hypothesis: the good, the bad and the ugly.

Lehmann, E. L., & Romano, J. P. (2006). Testing statistical hypotheses. Springer Science & Business Media.

Open chat
Welcome to Oman essay.
How can I help you?