Behaviorism or behavior psychology is defined as that field of psychology that aims at studying the behavior of an individual and then deriving laws or principles from it. This is one of the most significant branches of psychology. And with the help of this essay readers will be able to have a better insight in this field. But to begin, there will first be discussion about the field of psychology and all its major forces or schools of thought.
Psychology and the Forces
Psychology is one of those scientific fields that can help any particular individual in gaining more insight into his or her own behavior, feelings, or thoughts. This field can also help an individual in gaining more insight into the behavior, thoughts, and feelings of other individuals that might be present around him or her. This field is also more formally defined as the scientific study of the mind and behavior. This field also includes the study of the feelings and thoughts of any particular individual. This field is also formally only a couple of centuries old. And in the history of psychology, there have been total five major forces. These five major forces have given out their own theories that tend to explain what the study of psychology should be and how to achieve the main aim of the study of this particular subject. The names and the major ideas of all those main theories in the history of psychology are mentioned below.
The formal discipline of psychology of human behavior officially began with structuralism. This school of thought basically dictated that the focus of psychology should be on the structures of the brain. Wilhelm Wundt was one of those psychologists who were the biggest faces of this particular school of thought. This is also known as the first school of thought in the history of psychology.
Functionalism was the second school of thought in the entire history of psychology. And one of the biggest theories which were given by this particular school of thought was that the study of psychology should not be on the structures of the brain but should instead be on the functions that are performed by the brain of an individual. William James was one of the biggest psychologists who were the supporters of this school of thought. This is also the most commonly known psychology of human behavior schools.
This was one of the schools that came before behavioral psychology. And this entire school of thought was given by Sigmund Freud. This school of thought gave a number of theories like the theory of personality, the theories on the different parts of the mind like the conscious, unconscious, and the semiconscious, the theories on hysteria and other psychological disorders.
Behavior Psychology or Behaviorism
This is one of the most famous schools in the psychology of human behavior. The Behavior psychology school of that was also able to radically change the focus of the entire field of psychology. This field of psychology stated that the focus of the study of psychology should be on what is observable or the behavior of an individual. The biggest contributors to the behavior psychology school of thought are Ivan P. Pavlov, John B. Watson, B. F. Skinner, and many other psychologists. This is also one of the most commonly known theories in the psychology of human behavior.
This school of psychology came after the advancement of the field of Behavior psychology. This school of psychology also took a positive view of the entire human nature and stated that every individual has the potential to grow and be the best possible version of their own selves. There are also many theories that were given in this school of thought. And some of those theories include the hierarchy model of needs, theory on motivation, and many other theories. There were also many psychologists who supported this particular theory and some of those psychologists include Carl Rogers, Abraham Maslow, and many others.
These were all the major schools of psychology. And now the focus will only be on the Behavior psychology school of thought. And as we mentioned above, there are two major components that are a part of the field of behavioral psychology. And both of those theories are mentioned below.
This technique was given by Ivan P. Pavlov and is also one of the most frequently used techniques in the field of behavioral psychology. This entire technique is focused on the pairing of a stimulus with their naturally occurring responses. The experiment was originally conducted on a dog. There are also many types of essay writing topics that explore this technique in more depth.
This technique was given by B. F. Skinner and it is also known as Instrumental conditioning in Behavior psychology. This technique focuses on the fact that learning takes place with the help of punishments and reinforcements. These associations can be made between both the behavior and the consequences. It also states that behavioral patterns which are followed by desirable outcomes are more prone to occurring again while the behavioral patterns which are followed by adverse consequences do not occur again.
There are many other different aspects of this field of psychology. And some of those aspects are mentioned below.
- Influenced by Several Thinkers
F. Skinner and Ivan P. Pavlov were not the only psychologists who contributed to the advancement of this particular school of thought. Instead, there were a number of other behavioral psychologists too who contributed to the advancement of this particular field of psychology. And some of those psychologists include Clark Hull, Edward Thorndike, and many other psychologists.
- Many Therapeutic Techniques
It is not a commonly known fact that there have been many therapeutic techniques which were actually born out of the techniques which were given by a number of behavioral psychologists. These therapeutic techniques are now used to help children with autism, developmental delays, and other behavioral abnormalities or disorders. There are also many other behavioral therapeutic techniques. And some of those behavioral therapeutic techniques include token economy, modeling, systematic desensitization, aversion therapy, and contingency management.
- Effect of Various Factors on Classical Conditioning
There are many other factors that also have a very strong effect on all kinds of learning that could take place with the help of classical conditioning. And some of those factors that can have an effect on all kinds of learning that takes place through classical conditioning include the timing and the strength of the stimuli and the response. These factors can also have an effect on the acquisition of the new behavioral tendency or the extinction of the new behavioral tendency. Apart from the strength and the timing of the stimuli and the response, there can also be many other factors that can have an effect on the entire learning procedure that takes place through classical conditioning.
- Many Associated Advantages
There are many positive sides, aspects or advantages that are associated with the entire behavioral psychology. And some of those positive sides or aspects include easier data collection for researches, behavior analysis, token economies, intensive behavior interventions, discrete trial training, and many others. All these approaches are extremely helpful in changing harmful or maladaptive behavior in both adults and children alike.
- The Disadvantages
There are also many disadvantages or negative aspects which are associated with the field of behavioral psychology. There are many psychologists who argue that the entire behavioral psychology is only one dimensional and that it further provides a weaker understanding of human behavior. The field of behavioral psychology also fails to account for various psychological components like feelings, thoughts, moods, free will, motivation, and other types of learning of behavior that takes place beyond punishments and rewards. There are also many essay writing pieces which are written on and around this topic.
These are all the major aspects that are associated with the topic of behavioral learning. And to learn more about this entire topic an individual can also choose to go through some other papers or essay writing pieces which might be written on this topic.
There are five major forces in the field of psychology and these fields include the structuralism, functionalism, psychoanalysis, behaviorism, and humanistic psychology. And in the field of behaviorism, there are two major types of conditioning or learning. And those conditioning includes classical and operant conditioning. This field is influenced by several thinkers including B.F. Skinner, Ivan P. Pavlov, Edward Thorndike, and many other psychologists. This field also introduced the concepts of conditioned stimulus, conditioned response, unconditioned stimulus, and unconditioned response.
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