Infectious Disease Past Versus Present


Since the evolution of homo sapiens, there has been penetration of infectious diseases explore in the history of mankind. Sir McFarland Burnett stated in 1962, After the end of the second world war, the practical problem caused due to infectious diseases might have solved. This statement was logical and can be true, as the control and measures we are taking today are sufficient to decreases the rapid onset of acute illness from infectious diseases. However, the ability to continue identifying new vaccines and antibiotics made it possible to eradicate the problem to some extent.  

Infectious diseases were first isolated around 3000 years ago in Egyptian papyrus Paintings. If truth be told, smallpox evidence was first depicted on Egyptian mummies (Brachman, 2003). Then after Hippocrates expanded the medium infection borne into air, water or soil. When investigation progressed, miasmas found to be the first source of infectious diseases origination. Around 1500 years ago Fracastoro proposed germ theory and discussed three major routes of contagions(Gupta and Guin, 2004). 

Throughout the years, researchers have been struggling to explore possible cause and pattern of the pathogenic mechanism of entire infectious diseases which is totally different from the past theories. This report reviews the presentation of infectious diseases past and present pathogen mechanism possibly risk factors, human reservoir, prevention and their effect on public health


With time, the emergence or re-emergence of the incidence of infectious diseases greatly affected human health. Novel ethological evidence introduced in 1957 ‘ Asia Flu’ killed millions of people solely happened because of abnormal causalities. The most recent COVID 19 pandemic has led to 2.5 million death to date across the world(Semenza, 2017).

In the 1980s, HIV infection has increased awareness among people and enhanced researchers’ interest in virus infection. Middle East College assignment help in Oman experts have identified sudden exploration of SARS variants monopolize the government, causes hysteria and fear as well as slow down the economic growth. 

The microscope development by Leeuwenhoek in 1600 allowed researchers and scientist to see microorganism. In 1800 everyone showed their interest in cultivating and classification microorganism(Parvez, 2017). After decades vaccines were developed for preparing storehouse of measure control and prevention. In this direction, Pasteurization is another significant part to explore the relationship between environment and infectious diseases control and enumerated the importance of personal hygiene, sanitation around the community. 

Global Burden Of Infection Diseases

Although the pattern of diseases transmission might be changing, the mortality and morbidity rate still considered as a serious concern. According to the world health and organization report, HIV infection, tuberculosis, malaria in developing countries sharing a higher death rate than other countries. This report attempted to the current focus of diseases control and enabling the changed countries can use to formulate policies.

Source- World Health Organization, Gupta and Guin

The above figure shares a percentage of the diseases such as Japanese encephalitis, dengue, Malaria, Tuberculosis, malaria, Hepatitis B and C, leprosy etc. that estimates 27% of the regions is controlled by parasitic and virus infection, 37% consists of respiratory infection, 35% nutritional deficiencies and so on. AIDS and meningitis are the four major causes labelled by WHO in its diseases priority list. Meanwhile cholera, TB and Malaria have been recrudesced in the upcoming years. If you need more data on diseases control health and measure policies formed by the Oman government for your assignment writing, you can also ask for Nursing Assignment Help in Oman rendered by OmanEssay anytime.

New Trends In Infectious Diseases Concept And Prevalence

Highly transmissible diseases causing life threating stances present a serious hazard in health settings. Based on the kind of transmission, much professional manage the suspected highly transmissible diseases patients. For example, During the emergence of SARS Covid 19, Measurement follows the designing of controlling respiratory of droplets and their secretion along with maintaining huge hygiene. But the challenges come from the identification of HID patients as the mobility among the population is relatively higher. 

To reduce the suspected infection, sampling is done through IR at the ED as per the availability of the patients. Also, routine testing is done which won’t be possible during the SWINE FLU pandemic (Brouqui, 2009). 

Essay Writing Service in Oman experts has noted the continuous resurge of some life-threatening infectious diseases presenting great challenges for the prevention and measurement department of the country. The recent outbreak of the deadliest virus has created panic among the public. For instance hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) infection during the 1990s in the USA, Ebola hemorrhagic fever AMID 1995 have shown the public government preparation a strong infectivity knowledge base (Eisinger&Thulke, 2008). Truth to be told, despite having highly advanced technologies, curbing new viral or bacteria infection rate emerges as the biggest problem for the world. 

Controlling The Infectious Diseases At The Border Level

  • Minimizing the spread of infectious diseases should be the core duty of public health law. Appropriate legal power should be utilized to control the rate of infectious diseases in any country(WHO, 2010)Immunization is a cost-effective and successful health strategy to save millions of lives from newly emerging viruses each year
  • Screening should be done earlier to determine the exposure of infection within-person
  • Encouraging personal responsibility is highly important 
  • Isolation of an individual should be done prior if he/she is exposed to infectious diseases not known
  • Protecting confidentially of a person with HIV
  • Ensuring supporting access to treatment to each individual 


In many circumstance diseases transmitted from one person to another is highly contagious that further leads to either epidemic or pandemic. This can lead to valuable health or even life loss. In this report, we have past and present trends of infectious diseases causing a higher death rate each year. We have noted down pasteurization is a significant part explore the relationship between environment and infectious diseases control and enumerated the importance of personal hygiene, sanitation around the community in an earlier time. But in today’s era despite having highly advanced technologies, curbing new virus or bacteria infection rate emerges as the biggest problem for the world. A country can follow up several measurements during pandemic or epidemic such as appropriate legal power should be utilized to control the rate of infectious diseases in any country. 

In case you are looking present challenges occur in controlling non-communicable or communicable diseases rate for your assignment writing, you can also ask for Assignment Writer in Oman assistance rendered by OmanEssay anytime.


Brachman, P. S. (2003). Infectious diseases—past, present, and future.

Brouqui, P. (2009). Facing highly infectious diseases: new trends and current concepts. Clinical microbiology and infection15(8), 700-705.

Eisinger, D., &Thulke, H. H. (2008). Spatial pattern formation facilitates eradication of infectious diseases. The Journal of applied ecology45(2), 415.

Gupta, I., &Guin, P. Communicable diseases in the South-East Asia Region of the World Health Organization: towards a more effective response.

Parvez, M. K., & Parveen, S. (2017). Evolution and emergence of pathogenic viruses: past, present, and future. Intervirology60(1-2), 1-7.

Semenza, J. C., Rocklöv, J., Penttinen, P., & Lindgren, E. (2016). Observed and projected drivers of emerging infectious diseases in Europe. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences1382(1), 73.

World Health Organization (WHO). (2013). Chapter 10: controlling the spread of infectious diseases. Advancing the Right to Health: The Vital Role of Law. WHO, 151-164.

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